## Is Simultaneity Mind-dependent?

As we know, according to Einstein's theory of relativity, simultaneity is
relative.(1) Spacetime points that are simultaneous in one reference frame are, in
general, not simultaneous in other reference frames.

Let us consider two spacetime events, S1 and S2. Physicists define S1 and S2
as "simultaneous events" if the two events occur at the same "present moment."
If S1 occurs at the present moment P1, but S2 occurs at another present moment
P2, physicists say that S1 and S2 are non-simultaneous events.

Let us make two assumptions:

Assumption #1: The present is a subjective, mind-dependent
phenomenon.

Assumption #2: Simultaneity is possible if, and only if the
present exists.

If we make these assumptions, we are forced to conclude that simultaneity is
mind-dependent.

Here is the argument that leads to this conclusion:

If the mind does not exist, the present cannot exist. If the present does not
exist, simultaneity is not possible. Therefore, if the mind does not exist,
simultaneity is not possible.

In order for spacetime events to be simultaneous, the mind has to exist.
Simultaneity is therefore mind-dependent.

### References and Notes

1. Vesselin Petkov discusses the relativity of simultaneity and the phenomenon of time flow in a paper entitled "The Flow of Time - Objective or Minddependent." (This paper was presented at the XVIII World Congress of Philosophy, Brighton, England, August 1988.)

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