## Consciousness Always Exists

### Part I:

Let us consider the following statements:
A. No situation exists.

B. Statement A is true.

C. A situation exists in which statement B is true.

D. A situation exists.(1)

E. Consciousness exists.

F. Statement A can never be true.

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I claim that statement F is true.

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Proof:

If A is true, B is true. If B is true, C is true.(2) If C is true, D is true. If D is true, A is false. Therefore, if A is true, A is false! (Contradiction!)

Clearly, A can never be true.(3)

Since A can never be true, it follows that F is true.

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If A is never true, A is always false. A is never true. Therefore, A is always false.

If A is always false, D is always true. A is always false. Therefore, D is always true.

We conclude the following: A situation always exists.(4)

### Part II:

Suppose a situation S persists for zero seconds. Then S exists for "no length of time."(5) If S exists for "no length of time," S never exists. Therefore, if S persists for zero seconds, S never exists.
Suppose a situation exists. Then the situation must persist for a duration greater than zero seconds. If a situation persists for a duration greater than zero seconds, a phenomenon of temporal passage must occur.(6) If a phenomenon of temporal passage occurs, consciousness must exist.(7) Therefore, if a situation exists, consciousness must exist.

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If statement D is true, E is true. D is true. Therefore, E is true.

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If statement D is always true, E is always true. D is always true. Therefore, E is always true.(8)

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We conclude the following: Consciousness always exists.(9)

Notes:

1. The terms "situation," "scenario," and "state of affairs" are synonymous. (See the following article: Are All Minds Finite?)

2. Suppose statement B is true. Then a situation exists. (The situation that exists is that statement B is true.)

3. It can never be the case that statement A is true.

4. A situation must always exist. (It can never be the case that "no situation exists.")

5. Zero seconds is "no length of time."

6. The word "persist" implies a passage of time. (Persistence is a dynamic process.)

7. The phenomenon of temporal passage (i.e., the phenomenon of time flow) is consciousness-dependent. (See the following article: Temporal Passage.)

8. If a situation exists, consciousness exists.

9. Consciousness must always exist. (It can never be the case that "consciousness does not exist.")

Time, Consciousness, and Unconsciousness

Are All Minds Finite?

Question Regarding "Existence"
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